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Written Responses from Transport Canada

Question for Sandeep - My drone is authorized to fly “over people, within 16.4 ft (5m)”. What exactly does this mean with respect to the distances vertically and horizontally from a person?

These are two separate situations. You may fly within 5 metres of people horizontally as per the manufacturer’s declaration. However, the height to be maintained over people would be dictated by the manufacturer in the declaration of the safety assurance.

To make sure I understand this correctly, if we've met all the regulations (advanced certification and use eBee X, site survey etc) can we legally fly directly over roads and over people?

Yes.

Is there a minimum height to fly over private property with advanced operations?

Yes, this would be the height specified by the manufacturer in the declaration of the safety assurance.

What is the regulations with the (250g UAV - edited to remove trade names)? I've heard a lot of different opinions but I'd like to hear it from Mr. Sandeep. Thanks

The 250 g weight threshold was selected to mitigate the risk that a drone would pose to an aircraft and people on the ground, and is consistent with the approach taken in several other countries, including the US.

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 900.06 states “No person shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system in such a reckless or negligent manner as to endanger or be likely to endanger aviation safety or the safety of any person.” This regulation applies to RPAS's less than 250 grams. So your understanding of the CARs is right; it is the only CARs regulation that applies. So there is no minimum distance from helipads / aerodromes and no maximum altitude as long as you don’t operate your RPAS in such a reckless or negligent manner as to endanger or be likely to endanger aviation safety or the safety of any person and that your RPAS remains within your visual line-of-sight.

Pilots of micro drones weighing under 250 grams (g) are not required to register their drone or obtain a drone pilot certificate, but must fly in a way that does not endanger the safety of people or other aircraft.

All RPAS/drone pilots (this includes drones under 250 grams) are subject to the Criminal Code as well as all provincial, territorial, and municipal laws governing areas such as privacy and trespassing. This means that if you wish to fly your drone over a private property, you must get the owner’s approval. Furthermore, if you wish to fly at an advertised event, you must also get the consent of the event organizer.

Micro drones cannot fly in a Class F or a 5.1 restricted airspace or in airspace that prohibits aircraft or is restricted under CAR 601.16 and 601.17 (examples of these are: Federal Parks, Niagara Falls, Parliament Hill, over prisons, forest fire areas, etc.). If the airspace prohibits “aircraft” then it prohibits sub 250 gram RPAS’s too.

Operations of a RPAS over people can pose a hazard to people, please reference CAR 900.06 above.

i'm wondering, when flying over an aoi in an urban area if you have to announce to everyone not involved in the project that there is a drone flight in operation, and if so: any novel ways to do that? (posters, signage...)

All good ideas, feel free to be creative, but the onus is on the operator

When you ask for a SFOC with TC for BVLOS operations, do you absolutely need approved drones for advanced operations?

Yes

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  1. Richard Andrews

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